Practical Compliance Guideline
Division 7A - unpaid present entitlements under sub-trust arrangements maturing in the 2017 or 2018 income years
|Table of Contents
|What this Guideline is about||1|
|Date of effect||2|
|Background - Division 7A and UPEs||3|
|Administrative guidance in PS LA 2010/4||8|
|Obligation to repay the principal of the loan, entered into under investment Option 1, is not met at the end of the loan term in the 2017 income year or 2018 income year||11|
|Application of section 109R to complying loans entered into after maturity of sub-trust arrangements||19|
| Relying on this Guideline
This Practical Compliance Guideline sets out a practical administration approach to assist taxpayers in complying with relevant tax laws. Provided you follow this guideline in good faith, the Commissioner will administer the law in accordance with this approach.
What this Guideline is about
1. This Guideline applies to a private company (or trustee1) beneficiary of a trust and sub-trust where the trustee:
- has, in accordance with Law Administration Practice Statement PS LA 2010/4 Division 7A: trust entitlements, validly adopted investment Option 12 on, or before, 30 June 2011 to place funds representing an unpaid present entitlement (UPE) under a sub-trust arrangement on a 7-year interest only loan with the main trust, and
- does not repay the principal of the loan when it matures in the 2017 income year3 or 2018 income year.
Date of effect
2. This Guideline only applies where a UPE has been dealt with in accordance with investment Option 1 as described in paragraph 1 of this Guideline and the repayment of the principal of the loan is required to be made in the 2017 income year or 2018 income year.
Background - Division 7A and UPEs
3. Division 7A of Part III of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 4 (Division 7A) contains integrity provisions that aim to prevent tax free distributions of private company profits to shareholders and their associates.
4. Broadly speaking, it does this by deeming a private company to have paid a dividend5 to a shareholder, or shareholder's associate, if it makes a loan to the shareholder or associate and that loan is not repaid in full or put on complying terms6 before the private company's lodgment day.7
5. For the purposes of Division 7A, a 'loan' includes the provision of credit or any other form of financial accommodation.8
6. Taxation Ruling TR 2010/3 Income tax: Division 7A loans: trust entitlements explains the Commissioner's view of how Division 7A applies where a private company beneficiary has, or had, a present entitlement to an amount of income from an associated trust that is part of the same family group as the private company.
7. Relevantly, TR 2010/3 states that a UPE, that has not been satisfied from a trust to a private company beneficiary in the same family group, is the provision of financial accommodation and therefore a 'loan' where:
- the trustee continues to use the funds representing the UPE for trust purposes, and
- the company does not call for either payment of the UPE or the investment of the funds for the company's sole benefit (rather than their use for the benefit of the trust).9
Administrative guidance in PS LA 2010/4
8. PS LA 2010/4 provides guidance on the administrative aspects of TR 2010/3 including where the UPE funds remain intermingled with funds of the trust but are claimed to be held on sub-trust for the sole benefit of the private company beneficiary.
9. PS LA 2010/4 states that the Commissioner will consider that the UPE funds in the sub-trust are held for the sole benefit of the private company beneficiary if they are lent to the main trust under a 7-year interest only loan with the principal of the loan repayable at the end of the 7-year interest only loan (investment Option 1).10
10. A trustee adopting investment Option 1 must document the terms of the investment agreement and the investment agreement must be legally binding. The terms of the investment must include the obligation to repay the principal of the loan at the end of the term.11
Obligation to repay the principal of the loan, entered into under investment Option 1, is not met at the end of the loan term in the 2017 income year or 2018 income year
11. Those trustees who adopted investment Option 1 on, or before, 30 June 201112 will, under the terms of the investment agreement, be obligated to repay the principal of the loan in the 2017 income year or 2018 income year. PS LA 2010/4 makes it clear that to comply with investment Option 1, the trustee must actually repay the principal of the loan at the end of the loan term and meet this term of the investment agreement.13
12. The Commissioner maintains the clear expectation that this term of the investment agreement be met and that the principal of the loan, entered into under investment Option 1, must be repaid at the end of the loan term.
13. If the trustee fails to meet this term of the investment agreement, when an investment Option 1 matures in the 2017 income year or 2018 income year, any unpaid principal of the loan will be treated by the Commissioner as the provision of financial accommodation and therefore a Division 7A loan.
14. If all, or part, of the principal of the loan is not repaid on or before the date of maturity, the Commissioner will accept that a 7-year loan on complying terms in accordance with section 109N may be put in place between the sub-trust and the private company beneficiary prior to the private company's lodgment day. This will provide a further period for the amount to be repaid with periodic payments of both principal and interest.
15. However, if such a 7-year loan on complying terms in accordance with section 109N is not put in place between the sub-trust and the private company beneficiary prior to the private company's lodgment day, a deemed dividend will arise at the end of the income year in which the loan matures.
16. The timeline on the following page outlines the key dates of which the relevant parties to sub-trust arrangements under this Guideline must take note.
17. The Commissioner will not accept that the rolling over of all or part of the investment Option 1 that is not repaid into a further investment option described in PS LA 2010/4 will prevent the provision of financial accommodation to which Division 7A may apply. Consequently, the approach in PS LA 2010/4 will cease in respect of existing (original) sub-trust arrangements at the time the investment Option 1 matures.
18. Where the facts and circumstances indicate that there has never been an intention to repay the principal of loan at the end of the 7-year interest only loan, the sub-trust arrangement was not entered into in accordance with PS LA 2010/4 and this may lead the Commissioner to consider that the purported arrangement was a sham, and/or that there was fraud or evasion. In these circumstances, the Commissioner may go back beyond the standard period of review14 and deem a dividend in the income year in which the provision of financial accommodation originally arose.
Application of section 109R to complying loans entered into after maturity of sub-trust arrangements
19. Section 109R can apply in some circumstances to not treat a payment as a repayment of a loan for Division 7A purposes.
20. The Commissioner will not seek to apply section 109R to the principal of a loan under a sub-trust arrangement that is not repaid and is the subject of a 7 year loan on complying terms under section 109N in accordance with this Guideline.
Commissioner of Taxation
19 July 2017
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It is acknowledged that sub-trust arrangements may be entered into as a result of an unpaid present entitlement (UPE) between a trust and a private company, as well as a UPE that arises between two trusts. The latter is addressed in paragraphs 117 and 118 of PS LA 2010/4. Any reference in this Guideline to a private company beneficiary should also include a reference to a trustee beneficiary who has validly adopted investment Option 1 in accordance with PS LA 2010/4.
See paragraphs 62 to 73 of PS LA 2010/4.
It is likely that those using investment Option 1 for UPE's arising between 16 December 2009 and 30 June 2010 will have entered into the sub-trust arrangement in the 2011 income year and, therefore, the principal of the loan will not be due to be repaid until sometime in the 2018 income year. However, the Commissioner has been made aware that some private companies entered into the sub-trust arrangement in the 2010 income year and, therefore, the principal of the loan will be due to be repaid in the 2017 income year.
All legislative references in this Guideline are to the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (ITAA 1936) unless otherwise indicated.
Section 109N contains the requirements for a loan to be on complying terms for the purposes of Division 7A.
'Lodgment day' is defined in subsection 109D(6) to mean the earlier of the due or actual date of lodgment of the private company's return of income for the year of income.
See paragraphs 19 to 26 of TR 2010/3.
See paragraph 58 of PS LA 2010/4. Alternatively, the funds may be lent to the main trust under:
- an interest only 10-year loan with the UPE repayable at the end of the 10-year loan (Option 2), or
- an investment in a specific income producing asset or investment with the UPE repayable upon the disposal of the asset or investment (Option 3).
This Guideline does not apply to Options 2 or 3.
See paragraphs 64 and 65 of PS LA 2010/4.
For a UPE arising between 16 December 2009 and 30 June 2010, the trustee had until 30 June 2011 to place the funds on sub-trust (see paragraph 47 of PS LA 2010/4).
See the table in paragraph 61 of PS LA 2010/4.
See section 170 which provides the period within which the Commissioner may amend an assessment. Item 5 of the table in subsection 170(1) states that the Commissioner can amend an assessment at any time where he or she is of the opinion that there has been fraud or evasion.
Business line: PGH
ITAA 1936 109D
ITAA 1936 109D(3)
ITAA 1936 109N
ITAA 1936 109R
PS LA 2010/4