Income tax: 'Department for Education and Child Development Early Retirement Scheme 2017'
||Please note that the PDF version is the authorised version of this ruling.
|LEGALLY BINDING SECTION:|| |
|Summary - what this ruling is about||1|
|Date of effect||6|
|NOT LEGALLY BINDING SECTION:|| |
|Appendix 1: Explanation||31|
|Appendix 2: Detailed contents list||52|
This publication provides you with the following level of protection:
This publication (excluding appendixes) is a public ruling for the purposes of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.
A public ruling is an expression of the Commissioner's opinion about the way in which a relevant provision applies, or would apply, to entities generally or to a class of entities in relation to a particular scheme or a class of schemes.
If you rely on this ruling, the Commissioner must apply the law to you in the way set out in the ruling (unless the Commissioner is satisfied that the ruling is incorrect and disadvantages you, in which case the law may be applied to you in a way that is more favourable for you - provided the Commissioner is not prevented from doing so by a time limit imposed by the law). You will be protected from having to pay any underpaid tax, penalty or interest in respect of the matters covered by this ruling if it turns out that it does not correctly state how the relevant provision applies to you.
Summary - what this ruling is about
1. This Ruling sets out the Commissioner's opinion on the way in which the relevant provisions identified below apply to the defined class of entities, who take part in the scheme to which this Ruling relates.
2. The relevant provisions dealt with in this Ruling are:
- section 83-170 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997)
- section 83-180 of the ITAA 1997.
All legislative references are to the ITAA 1997 unless otherwise indicated.
Class of entities
3. The class of entities to whom this scheme applies is those employees of the Department for Education and Child Development shown at paragraph 14, subject to paragraph 16, of this Ruling who receive a payment under the scheme described in paragraphs 9 to 27 of this Ruling.
4. The Commissioner makes this Ruling based on the precise scheme identified in this Ruling. The class of entities defined in the Ruling may rely on its contents provided the scheme actually carried out is carried out in accordance with the scheme described under the heading Scheme .
5. If the scheme actually carried out is materially different from the scheme that is described in this Ruling, then:
- the Ruling has no binding effect on the Commissioner because the scheme entered into is not the scheme on which the Commissioner has ruled
- the Ruling may be withdrawn or modified.
Date of effect
6. This Ruling applies from 16 March 2017 to 31 January 2018. The Ruling continues to apply after 31 January 2018 to all entities within the specified class who entered into the specified scheme during the term of the Ruling. However, the Ruling will not apply to taxpayers to the extent that it conflicts with the terms of a settlement of a dispute agreed to before the date of issue of the Ruling (see paragraphs 75 and 76 of Taxation Ruling TR 2006/10).
7. The following description of the scheme is based on information provided by the applicant.
8. The Department for Education and Child Development (DECD) is seeking the Commissioner's approval to implement an early retirement scheme in accordance with section 83-180.
9. The scheme will be titled ' Department for Education and Child Development Early Retirement Scheme 2017 ', hereafter referred to as 'the Scheme'.
10. DECD is committed to providing the best possible education outcomes for students at all levels of schooling in South Australia. DECD has an ageing work force of teachers, some of whom are unable to make the necessary transition to the level of proficiency required.
11. DECD, in keeping with its 2017 Teacher Renewal Program and to support the rejuvenation of the teaching work force in South Australian Government preschools and schools, is offering separation payments. This will overall contribute to:
- improving the quality of preschool and school teachers
- providing ongoing employment opportunities for high quality teachers currently employed
- providing career opportunities for highly skilled graduates and temporary teachers.
The Scheme will thereby improve the learning outcomes of students and improve the overall quality of education in South Australia.
12. In line with the DECD Strategic Plan 2014-2017, the outcomes to be achieved through the Scheme are higher standards of learning achievement which:
- maximises every child and young person's learning
- creates high expectations for preschools and schools to raise standards of achievement and reduces the gap between the highest and lowest achievers
- builds leadership capability and continues to improve teaching quality.
13. The Scheme will provide opportunities for teachers who are no longer required or able to perform assigned tasks to voluntarily leave the teaching profession. These teachers will be replaced by those with the current knowledge, skills, and motivation required by DECD to modernise and improve learning outcomes.
14. The class of employees to whom the Scheme applies is all DECD employees who meet all of the following criteria:
- are permanently employed as a member of the teaching staff in a Government school across South Australia
- currently appointed to or have a right of return to a teaching position
- have been permanent members of the DECD teaching service since on or before January 2008
- are younger than 65 years of age
- are 55 years of age or older
- have not engaged in 'significant professional development activity' in the past three years focused on enhancing contemporary classroom teaching methodology.
15. A 'significant professional development activity' is defined as:
- an in-service course, including programs developed and delivered by departmental providers or external providers of training and professional development
- an externally accredited teaching or education related course (such as Vocational Education and Training, TAFE, or university)
- professional learning and development organised by DECD regions, clusters of schools, or individual schools.
16. The following employees are excluded from the Scheme:
- teachers who are not currently part of the teaching staff in DECD schools
- casual teachers and other temporary teachers with no right to ongoing employment in the South Australian Public Sector
- teachers who are currently in a leadership position (including seconded teacher positions) won through a merit selection process
- teachers with less than ten years permanent teaching service calculated as at 16 March 2017
- teachers who have an active worker's compensation claim where there is payment made for loss of income
- teachers who are under investigation for allegations of serious misconduct.
17. Eligible employees who retire under the Scheme will be paid a lump sum payment of $50,000. Part-time employees will receive a pro-rata lump sum payment based on the actual percentage of full-time employment.
18. In addition, all employees terminated under the Scheme will receive their statutory entitlements such as long service and retention leave where applicable. However, these amounts will not form part of the payment made under the Scheme.
19. The number of retirement packages is limited. Should the number of employees wishing to participate exceed the number of packages available, applications will be approved on the basis of descending years of service. Priority will be afforded to staff with a greater length of service.
20. Employees will have two weeks to accept an offer to participate in the Scheme.
21. Employees who accept an offer to retire under the Scheme must terminate their employment and receive their payment no later than 31 January 2018.
22. The payment made under the Scheme is in excess of any superannuation and any other benefits to which eligible employees would otherwise be entitled.
23. Employees who terminate their employment other than under the proposed Scheme, will not be entitled to receive the Scheme payment.
24. The retirement of employees who receive a payment under the Scheme will occur before they turn 65 years of age.
25. Payments made under the Scheme will be at arm's length.
26. There is no agreement in place between any eligible employee and DECD, or between DECD and another person to employ the eligible employee after retirement under the Scheme.
27. Participation in the Scheme is entirely voluntary.
28. The Department for Education and Child Development Early Retirement Scheme 2017 is an early retirement scheme for the purposes of section 83-180.
29. Accordingly, so much of the payment received by an eligible employee that exceeds the amount that could reasonably be expected to be received by the employee in consequence of voluntary termination of their employment at the time of the retirement will be an early retirement scheme payment.
30. In addition, so much of the early retirement scheme payment as falls within the threshold calculated in accordance with section 83-170 is not assessable income and is not exempt income.
Commissioner of Taxation
15 March 2017
Appendix 1 - Explanation
This Appendix is provided as information to help you understand how the Commissioner's view has been reached. It does not form part of the binding public ruling.
31. A scheme will be an early retirement scheme if it satisfies the requirements of subsection 83-180(3).
32. Subsection 83-180(3) states that:
A scheme is an early retirement scheme if:
- all the employer's employees who comprise such a class of employees as the Commissioner approves may participate in the scheme; and
- the employer's purpose in implementing the scheme is to rationalise or re-organise the employer's operations by making any change to the employer's operations, or the nature of the work force, that the Commissioner approves; and
- before the scheme is implemented, the Commissioner, by written instrument, approves the scheme as an early retirement scheme for the purposes of this section.
These three conditions are now considered.
All employees within a class approved by the Commissioner may participate in the scheme
33. In order to satisfy the first condition, the scheme must be offered to all employees in a class approved by the Commissioner under paragraph 83-180(3)(a).
34. The class of employees to whom early retirement will be offered under the Scheme is set out in paragraph 14, subject to paragraph 16, of this Ruling.
35. The Commissioner considers that this is an appropriate class of persons for the Scheme to be offered to. In approving this class of employees the Commissioner has considered the nature of the rationalisation or re-organisation of the operations of the employer. It is therefore considered that these employees meet the requirements of an approved class of employees for the purposes of paragraph 83-180(3)(a).
The employer's purpose in implementing the scheme is to rationalise or re-organise the employer's operations in a way approved by the Commissioner
36. The proposed scheme must be implemented by the employer with a view to rationalising or re-organising the operations of the employer as described in paragraph 83-180(3)(b).
37. Paragraphs 10 to 13 of this Ruling describe the nature of the rationalisation or re-organisation of the employer's operations. In approving the Scheme, the Commissioner has had regard to the changes in the operations and nature of the work force of the employer. It is considered that the Scheme is to be implemented by the employer with a view to rationalising or re-organising the operations of the employer for the purposes of paragraph 83-180(3)(b).
38. Accordingly, the second condition for approval has been met.
The scheme must be approved by the Commissioner prior to its implementation
39. The Scheme is proposed to operate for a period from 16 March 2017 to 31 January 2018. The approval to be provided by the class ruling will have been granted prior to implementation therefore, for the purposes of paragraph 83-180(3)(c), this condition is satisfied.
40. The Scheme will be in operation for approximately ten months. This is considered appropriate due to the circumstances of the re-organisation.
Other relevant information
41. Under subsection 83-180(1), so much of the payment received by an employee because the employee retires under an early retirement scheme as exceeds the amount that could reasonably be expected to be received by the employee in consequence of the voluntary termination of their employment at the time of termination is an early retirement scheme payment.
42. It should be noted that, in order for a payment to qualify as an early retirement scheme payment, it must also satisfy the following requirements (as set out in subsections 83-180(2), 83-180(5) and 83-180(6)):
- the retirement occurred before the employee turned 65 or such earlier date on which the employee's employment would have terminated under the terms of employment because of the employee attaining a certain age or completing a particular period of service (as the case may be)
- if the employee and the employer are not dealing with each other at arm's length (for example because they are related in some way), the payment does not exceed the amount that could reasonably be expected to be made if the retirement was at arm's length
- at the time of retirement there was no arrangement between the employee and the employer, or between the employer and another person, to employ the employee after the retirement
- the payment must not be made in lieu of superannuation benefits
- it is not a payment mentioned in section 82-135 (apart from paragraph 82-135(e)).
43. The term 'arrangement' is defined in subsection 995-1(1) as meaning ' any arrangement, agreement, understanding, promise or undertaking, whether express or implied, and whether or not enforceable (or intended to be enforceable) by legal proceedings '.
44. In accordance with section 83-170, an early retirement scheme payment that falls within the specified limit is referred to as the 'tax-free' amount and will not be assessable income and will not be exempt income.
45. For the 2016-17 income year, the tax-free amount is limited to $9,936 (base amount) plus $4,969 (service amount) for each whole year of completed employment service to which the early retirement scheme payment relates. It should be noted that six months, eight months or even eleven months do not count as a whole year for the purposes of this calculation.
46. For the 2017-18 income year, the base amount and the service amount is yet to be determined at the publication of this Ruling. Therefore, employees should check the Australian Taxation Office website for the 2017-18 income year indexed amounts.
47. The total of the amount received on the termination of employment calculated in accordance with paragraph 17 of this Ruling may qualify as an early retirement scheme payment.
48. The total payment calculated in accordance with paragraph 17 of this Ruling will be measured against the limit in accordance with the formula mentioned in paragraphs 45 and 46 of this Ruling to determine the tax-free amount of the early retirement scheme payment.
49. The tax-free amount will:
- not be an employment termination payment (ETP)
- not be able to be rolled-over into a superannuation fund.
50. Any payment in excess of this limit will be an ETP and will be split into tax-free and taxable components. The tax-free component of an ETP includes the pre-July 83 segment of the payment. The tax-free component is not assessable income and is not exempt income.
51. The taxable component of the ETP will be taxed at various rates depending on the person's age. It should be noted that the ' whole of income cap ' does not apply to any part of the early retirement scheme payment.
Appendix 2 - Detailed contents list
52. The following is a detailed contents list for this Ruling:
| Summary - what this ruling is about
|Class of entities
| Date of effect
| Appendix 1 - Explanation
|All employees within a class approved by the Commissioner may participate in the scheme
|The employer's purpose in implementing the scheme is to rationalise or re-organise the employer's operations in a way approved by the Commissioner
|The scheme must be approved by the Commissioner prior to its implementation
|Other relevant information
| Appendix 2 - Detailed contents list
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Not previously issued as a draft
ITAA 1997 82-135
ITAA 1997 82-135(e)
ITAA 1997 83-170
ITAA 1997 83-180
ITAA 1997 83-180(1)
ITAA 1997 83-180(2)
ITAA 1997 83-180(3)
ITAA 1997 83-180(3)(a)
ITAA 1997 83-180(3)(b)
ITAA 1997 83-180(3)(c)
ITAA 1997 83-180(5)
ITAA 1997 83-180(6)
ITAA 1997 995-1(1)