ATO Interpretative Decision
ATO ID 2010/171 (Withdrawn)
Capital allowances: installed ready for use - unregistered heavy transport trailers
FOI status: may be released
||This ATO ID is withdrawn. Guidance on the basis of the decision in this ATO ID can be found TD 2007/5 Income tax: does a tangible depreciating asset start to decline in value under 40-60 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 from when it is acquired if the asset is acquired for the sole purpose of using it in a business that has not commenced to be carried on? General guidance on this issue can also be found in Guide to depreciating assets 2016 (NAT 1996, PDF 623KB) and in the Depreciation and capital expenses - Timing (QC 21100).
||This document has changed over time. View its history.
Status of this decision: Decision withdrawn 11 April 2017.
|CAUTION: This is an edited and summarised record of a Tax Office decision. This record is not published as a form of advice. It is being made available for your inspection to meet FOI requirements, because it may be used by an officer in making another decision.|
This ATOID provides you with the following level of protection:
If you reasonably apply this decision in good faith to your own circumstances (which are not materially different from those described in the decision), and the decision is later found to be incorrect you will not be liable to pay any penalty or interest. However, you will be required to pay any underpaid tax (or repay any over-claimed credit, grant or benefit), provided the time limits under the law allow it. If you do intend to apply this decision to your own circumstances, you will need to ensure that the relevant provisions referred to in the decision have not been amended or repealed. You may wish to obtain further advice from the Tax Office or from a professional adviser.
Is a B-double tipper that has been acquired to undertake a particular haulage contract used or installed ready for use for the purpose of establishing the asset's start time under subsection 40-60(2) of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (ITAA 1997) if it is modified in readiness for the contract work but has not been either registered or used to haul freight?
No. A B-double tipper that has been acquired to undertake a particular haulage contract is not used or installed ready for use for the purpose of establishing the asset's start time under subsection 40-60(2) of the ITAA-1997 if it has been modified in readiness for the contract work but has not been registered or used to haul freight.
The taxpayer carries on a freight haulage business. The taxpayer specifically purchased a B-double tipper (consisting of two trailers) to undertake a particular interstate haulage contract. The taxpayer took delivery of the trailers using temporary plates.
The taxpayer modified the trailers in readiness for the contract work but had not registered the trailers, when the haulage contract was terminated. The taxpayer subsequently sold the trailers and never used them to haul freight.
The Interstate Road Transport Act 1985 (IRTA 1985) prescribes that a trailer such as a B-double tipper used for the carriage of passengers or goods between prescribed places or for any purpose that is incidental to carriage of that kind shall not be driven, or left standing, on a road unless the trailer is registered under the IRTA 1985 or a law of a State.
Reasons for Decision
Broadly, section 40-25 of the ITAA 1997 provides that you can deduct an amount equal to the decline in value for an income year of a depreciating asset that you held for any time during the year. A depreciating asset starts to decline in value from when its start time occurs (subsection 40-60(1) of the ITAA 1997). Subsection 40-60(2) of the ITAA 1997 provides that the start time of a depreciating asset occurs when it is first used, or installed ready for use, for any purpose.
'Used' is a word of wide import and its meaning in any particular case will depend on the context in which the word is employed and the purpose for which the thing in question has been acquired or created (Newcastle City Council v. Royal Newcastle Hospital (1956) 96 CLR 493). In the context of Division 40 of the ITAA 1997, the use of a tangible depreciating asset requires the actual use or employment of the asset in such a way that it can reasonably be expected to decline in value through and over the time of that use (see Taxation Determination TD 2007/5). Putting a depreciating asset in readiness for use for a purpose is not itself to use the depreciating asset for that purpose (Bert Needham Automotive Company Pty Ltd v. FCT (1976) 6 ATR 469; 76 ATC 4249).
In this case, the trailers were acquired for the only purpose of undertaking interstate haulage in accordance with the relevant contract. However, they have not in fact been used for that purpose or for carrying any other freight. While some modifications have been made to make the trailers suitable for carrying the particular freight the taxpayer had contracted to carry, the modifications were only putting the trailers in readiness for use in hauling the particular freight and this of itself does not constitute actual use of the trailers for that purpose. Accordingly, the trailers were not used for the purposes of subsection 40-60(2) of the ITAA 1997.
Consideration must now be given to whether the trailers were installed ready for use.
'Installed ready for use' is defined in section 995-1 of the ITAA 1997 to mean installed ready for use and held in reserve. A depreciating asset is installed ready for use 'when it is on hand and in such a state that it is ready to perform its function'. It is held in reserve 'if it is set aside for future use, upon the happening of some contingency occurring, in the taxpayer's existing income producing activities. In other words to keep back or save for future use in those present income-producing operations' (AAT Case 5877 (1990) 21 ATR 3411; Case X46 90 ATC 378). The taxpayer's only purpose in acquiring the trailers was for a use that requires registration. Therefore until the trailers were registered under the relevant legislation they are not in the state required for them to be ready to perform their function and would not be installed ready for use for the purposes of subsection 40-60(2) of the ITAA 1997.
Therefore, a B-double tipper that has been acquired specifically to undertake a particular interstate haulage contract but has not been either registered or used to haul freight is not used or installed ready for use for the purpose of establishing the asset's start time under subsection 40-60(2) of the ITAA 1997.
[Note: The registration of the unused trailers under the relevant legislation in order to affect their sale will not be sufficient to establish that the trailers were installed ready for use for the purposes of paragraph 40-60(2) as the trailers would not be held in reserve (or set aside for future use in the taxpayer's haulage business)].
Date of decision: 21 September 2010
Income Tax Assessment Act 1997
Interstate Road Transport Act 1985
City of Newcastle v. Royal Newcastle Hospital
(1956) 96 CLR 493
AAT Case 5877
(1990) 21 ATR 3411
90 ATC 378
Bert Needham Automotive Company Pty Ltd v. FCT
(1976) 6 ATR 469
76 ATC 4249
Related Public Rulings (including Determinations)
Taxation Determination TD 2007/5
Deduction for depreciating assets
Plant installed ready for use
Uniform capital allowances system
Siebel/TDMS reference number: 1-239YJKG
Business line: Small Business/Individual Taxpayers
Date of publication: 24 September 2010