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INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1936

PART IVA - SCHEMES TO REDUCE INCOME TAX    View history reference

SECTION 177F  CANCELLATION OF TAX BENEFITS ETC.  

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177F(1)  

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Where this Part applies to a scheme in connection with which a tax benefit has been obtained, or would but for this section be obtained, the Commissioner may:


(a) in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to an amount not being included in the assessable income of the taxpayer of a year of income - determine that the whole or a part of that amount shall be included in the assessable income of the taxpayer of that year of income; or


(b) in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to a deduction or a part of a deduction being allowable to the taxpayer in relation to a year of income - determine that the whole or a part of the deduction or of the part of the deduction, as the case may be, shall not be allowable to the taxpayer in relation to that year of income; or
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(c) in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to a capital loss or a part of a capital loss being incurred by the taxpayer during a year of income - determine that the whole or a part of the capital loss or of the part of the capital loss, as the case may be, was not incurred by the taxpayer during that year of income; or
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(ca) (Repealed by No 96 of 2014)
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(d) in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to a foreign income tax offset, or a part of a foreign income tax offset, being allowable to the taxpayer - determine that the whole or a part of the foreign income tax offset, or the part of the foreign income tax offset, as the case may be, is not to be allowable to the taxpayer; or
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(da) in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to an innovation tax offset, or a part of an innovation tax offset, being allowable to the taxpayer - determine that the whole or a part of the innovation tax offset, or the part of the innovation tax offset, as the case may be, is not to be allowable to the taxpayer; or


(e) in the case of a tax benefit that is referable to an exploration credit, or a part of an exploration credit, being issued to the taxpayer - determine that:

(i) the whole or a part of an exploration development incentive tax offset that would otherwise be allowable to the taxpayer in relation to the exploration credit, or the part of the exploration credit, as the case may be, is not to be allowable to the taxpayer; or

(ii) the whole or a part of a franking credit that would otherwise arise in the franking account of the taxpayer in relation to the exploration credit, or the part of the exploration credit, as the case may be, is not to arise in the franking account of the taxpayer;
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and, where the Commissioner makes such a determination, he or she shall take such action as he or she considers necessary to give effect to that determination.

[CCH Note: S 177F(1) will be amended by No 21 of 2015, s 3 and Sch 6 items 47 and 48, by substituting "taxpayer." for "taxpayer; or" in para (d) and repealing para (e), effective 1 July 2020. For savings provisions, see note under s 177C(3).]

177F(2)  

Where the Commissioner determines under paragraph (1)(a) that an amount is to be included in the assessable income of a taxpayer of a year of income, that amount shall be deemed to be included in that assessable income by virtue of such provision of this Act as the Commissioner determines.

177F(2A)  

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Where a tax benefit that is covered by paragraph 177C(1)(bc) has been obtained, or would but for this section be obtained, by a taxpayer in connection with a scheme to which this Part applies:


(a) the Commissioner may determine that the taxpayer is subject to withholding tax under section 128B on the whole or a part of that amount; and


(b) if the Commissioner makes such a determination, he or she must take such action as he or she considers necessary to give effect to that determination.

177F(2B)  

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A determination under paragraph (1)(c) or subsection (2A) must be in writing.

177F(2C)  

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Notice of the determination must be given to the taxpayer and, in the case of a determination under subsection (2A), to the person who paid the amount.

177F(2D)  

(Repealed by No 81 of 2016)

177F(2E)  

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A failure to comply with subsection (2C) does not affect the validity of a determination.

177F(2F)  

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If the Commissioner makes a determination under subsection (2A), the amount that the Commissioner determines is taken to be subject to withholding tax is taken to have been subject to withholding tax at all times by virtue of such provision of section 128B as the Commissioner determines.

177F(2G)  

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If the taxpayer is dissatisfied with a determination under paragraph (1)(c) or subsection (2A), the taxpayer may object against it in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

177F(3)  

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Where the Commissioner has made a determination under subsection (1) or (2A) in respect of a taxpayer in relation to a scheme to which this Part applies, or the Commissioner has made a DPT assessment in respect of a taxpayer in relation to a scheme to which this Part applies, the Commissioner may, in relation to any taxpayer (in this subsection referred to as the relevant taxpayer):


(a) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:


(i) there has been included, or would but for this subsection be included, in the assessable income of the relevant taxpayer of a year of income an amount that would not have been included or would not be included, as the case may be, in the assessable income of the relevant taxpayer of that year of income if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that that amount or a part of that amount should not be included in the assessable income of the relevant taxpayer of that year of income;
determine that that amount or that part of that amount, as the case may be, should not have been included or shall not be included, as the case may be, in the assessable income of the relevant taxpayer of that year of income; or


(b) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:

(i) an amount would have been allowed or would be allowable to the relevant taxpayer as a deduction in relation to a year of income if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out, being an amount that was not allowed or would not, but for this subsection, be allowable, as the case may be, as a deduction to the relevant taxpayer in relation to that year of income; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that that amount or a part of that amount should be allowable as a deduction to the relevant taxpayer in relation to that year of income;
determine that that amount or that part, as the case may be, should have been allowed or shall be allowable, as the case may be, as a deduction to the relevant taxpayer in relation to that year of income; or
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(c) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:

(i) a capital loss would have been incurred by the relevant taxpayer during a year of income if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out, being a capital loss that was not incurred or would not, but for this subsection, be incurred, as the case may be, by the relevant taxpayer during that year of income; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that the capital loss or a part of that capital loss should be incurred by the relevant taxpayer during that year of income;
determine that the capital loss or the part, as the case may be, should be incurred by the relevant taxpayer during that year of income; or
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(ca) (Repealed by No 96 of 2014)
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(d) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:

(i) an amount would have been allowed, or would be allowable, to the relevant taxpayer as a foreign income tax offset if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out, being an amount that was not allowed or would not, apart from this subsection, be allowable, as the case may be, as a foreign income tax offset to the relevant taxpayer; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that the amount, or a part of the amount, should be allowable as a foreign income tax offset to the relevant taxpayer;
determine that that amount or that part, as the case may be, should have been allowed or is allowable, as the case may be, as a foreign income tax offset to the relevant taxpayer; or
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(da) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:

(i) an amount would have been allowed, or would be allowable, to the relevant taxpayer as an innovation tax offset if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out, being an amount that was not allowed or would not, apart from this subsection, be allowable, as the case may be, as an innovation tax offset to the relevant taxpayer; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that the amount, or a part of the amount, should be allowable as an innovation tax offset to the relevant taxpayer;
determine that that amount or that part, as the case may be, should have been allowed or is allowable, as the case may be, as an innovation tax offset to the relevant taxpayer; or
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(e) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:

(i) an amount would have been allowed, or would be allowable, to the relevant taxpayer as an exploration development incentive tax offset if the scheme had not been entered into or carried out, being an amount that was not allowed or would not, apart from this subsection, be allowable, as the case may be, as an exploration development incentive tax offset to the relevant taxpayer; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that the amount, or a part of the amount, should be allowable as an exploration development incentive tax offset to the relevant taxpayer;
determine that that amount or that part, as the case may be, should have been allowed or is allowable, as the case may be, as an exploration development incentive tax offset to the relevant taxpayer; or
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(f) if, in the opinion of the Commissioner:

(i) an amount of a franking credit would have arisen, or would arise, in the franking account of the relevant taxpayer in relation to an exploration credit, being an amount that did not arise, or would not, apart from this subsection, have arisen, as the case may be, in the franking account of the relevant taxpayer in relation to the exploration credit; and

(ii) it is fair and reasonable that the amount, or a part of the amount, should arise, in the franking account of the relevant taxpayer in relation to the exploration credit;
determine that that amount or that part, as the case may be, should have arisen, or arises, as the case may be, in the franking account of the relevant taxpayer in relation to the exploration credit;
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and the Commissioner shall take such action as he or she considers necessary to give effect to any such determination.

[CCH Note: S 177F(3) will be amended by No 21 of 2015, s 3 and Sch 6 items 49 and 50, by substituting "taxpayer." for "taxpayer; or" in para (d) and repealing para (e) and (f), effective 1 July 2020. For savings provisions, see note under s 177C(3).]

177F(4)  

Where the Commissioner makes a determination under subsection (3) by virtue of which an amount is allowed as a deduction to a taxpayer in relation to a year of income, that amount shall be deemed to be so allowed as a deduction by virtue of such provision of this Act as the Commissioner determines.

177F(5)  

Where, at any time, a taxpayer considers that the Commissioner ought to make a determination under subsection (3) in relation to the taxpayer in relation to a year of income, the taxpayer may post to or lodge with the Commissioner a request in writing for the making by the Commissioner of a determination under that subsection.

177F(5A)  

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Subsection (5B) applies if the taxpayer considers that the Commissioner ought to make the determination under subsection (3) because the Commissioner has made a DPT assessment in respect of a taxpayer in relation to a scheme to which this Part applies.

177F(5B)  

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Despite subsection (5), the request may be posted to or lodged with the Commissioner only after the end of the period of review (within the meaning of section 145-15 in Schedule 1 to the Taxation Administration Act 1953) for the DPT assessment.

177F(6)  

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The Commissioner shall consider the request and serve on the taxpayer, by post or otherwise, a written notice of the Commissioner's decision on the request.

177F(7)  

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If the taxpayer is dissatisfied with the Commissioner's decision on the request, the taxpayer may object against it in the manner set out in Part IVC of the Taxation Administration Act 1953.

177F(8)  

(Omitted by No 216 of 1991)

 



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